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AT Nic

Review - Brazil

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Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil peacefully gained its independence in 1822 and adopted a constitutional monarchy as its form of government. It became a federal republic following a military takeover in 1889. A coup in 1964 put Brazil under military rule for 21 years until 1985 when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. With a population of around 194 million, Brazil is the largest and most populous country in South America. Endowed with rich natural resources, Brazil's economy outweighs that of all other South American countries with large and well-developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing and services sectors.


Brazil: Macroeconomic Forecast


  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Real Gross Domestic Product (LCU billions 2005 base) 1,153.76 1,165.97 1,179.01 1,188.81 1,125.81
Real GDP Growth Rate (%) -3.29 1.06 1.12 0.83 -5.30
Population, total (million) 205.96 207.65 209.29 210.87 212.39
Inflation, GDP Deflator (%) 8.08 3.48 3.02 4.54 3.60
Official Exchange Rate (LCU/$US) 3.49 3.19 3.66 3.90 4.04
Total Foreign Exchange Reserves ($US billions) 364.98 373.96 374.71 349.56 372.86


Largest Cities


Brasilia 2,207,718
Rio de Janeiro 6,023,699
Sao Paulo 10,021,295


Key data


Region: South America

Population: 216,571,824 ( as of 2017)

Capital: South America

Area Total: 8511965 km2

Area Land: 8456510 km2

Coast Line: 7491 km

Climate: Mostly tropical, but temperate in south

Languages: Portuguese (official), over 195 indigenous languages, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, and Baltic languages also spoken

Currency: 1 real (R$) = 100 centavos

Holiday: Independence Day is 7 September (1822), Tiradentes Day is 21 April, Republic Day is 15 November


Ethnic Divisions


European (Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish): 53.00%

Mulatto (mixed European and African): 38.00%

African: 6.00%

Asian (Japanese): 1.00%

Middle Eastern (Lebanese, Syrian, Turkish): 1.00%

Indigenous (includes 200 small ethno-linguistic groups) and Mestizo (mixed European and Indigenous): 1.00%




Roman Catholic: 80.00%

Other: 20.00%


Country Flag




Country Images





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Frumos, puteai sa mai adaugi ceva persoane celebre care s-au nascut in aceasta tara.

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Topic închis.

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